Lithium ion batteries and cells have been used since the 1970’s. The batteries are popular because of the long life cycle, the batteries have versatility and are compact in size and weight. The lithium ion battery has become the preferred battery for many things such as cell phones, power tools, laptops and electronic toys.
The lithium ion battery and cells also have the potential of a rapid discharge which produces a very high current and can cause overheating and possibly explosion. Due to these probabilities, the batteries are very dangerous when shipped and require special labeling.
As of August 7, 2015, if you have not made changes with how you ship Hazard Class 9 materials, you are not in compliance with the United States Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Safety Administration (PHMSA).
When shipping lithium batteries and depending on the method in which they are shipped there are now a few different labels that are required to be used.
Hazard Class 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
When transporting lithium batteries and cells by ground, the Department of Transportation requires that a Hazard Class 9- Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods label be placed on all shipments.
Cargo Aircraft Only
When the International Civil Aviation Organization instituted a ban on all lithium cargo in a passenger aircraft it changed the way lithium batteries could be shipped. From now on all cargo shipments of lithium batteries and cells must contain the Cargo Only label that is shown below. This label meets the IATA compliance as well as the Code of Federal Regulations.
Distinctive Handling Hazard Class Labels
There are two new labels that are unique to lithium batteries and lithium cells. These labels are also necessary when shipping in order to be in compliance with international regulations. Each label must specify the type of battery being shipped with a lithium ion label or lithium metal label. On each label must contain the contact information for your company and they must be 110mm x 120 mm in size.
Getting complaint with the right Hazard Class 9 labels is extremely important. Please make sure that you are utilizing the right labels for the package and the right labels for the type of transport you will be using. Buying the cheapest labels and not paying attention to the guidelines could cause labels to fall off, become damaged or unreadable – resulting in significant fines and penalties. If you have any questions, call a Ganson Label Pro today to get you on the right track!
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